The hottest legislative research in Beijing 120999

2022-08-21
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On October 4 last year, a 120 emergency doctor was transporting patients. Statistics show that 80% of the first-aid tasks of emergency doctors are simple transportation

count first aid

in 2011, the total number of first aid calls in the city was 652340, with an average of 1787 calls per day

in 2011, the total number of ambulances dispatched by 120 and 999 was 567413

as of April 30 this year, there were 624 pre hospital first aid ambulances in Beijing, including 421 120 ambulances and 203 999 ambulances

from 2006 to 2008, the wastage rate of medical students of this science and history received by 120 was as high as 86.3%

recently, it was learned from the Beijing Municipal Bureau of health that at the request of the Beijing Municipal People's Congress and the Legislative Affairs Office of the Beijing municipal government, the legislative investigation of the regulations on emergency medical services in Beijing, which began in February this year, has basically ended, and preliminary expert opinions have been formed. Experts pointed out that the city's first aid system should be improved in many aspects, such as unified dispatching of the 120 and 999 first aid systems, re layout and planning of first aid stations, training of first aiders, and clarifying the priority of first aid vehicles

as early as 2007, the Standing Committee of the Beijing Municipal People's Congress included emergency legislation in the legislative research plan for the next five years. In order to prepare for the Beijing Olympic Games, 65 additional first-aid stations were built in the city that year, and more than 700 people were transferred from various medical institutions to the pre hospital first-aid team. With high investment, high configuration and the high attention of governments at all levels, the first-aid call satisfaction rate in the city was close to 100%, and the people in Beijing felt very secure by automatically answering and sending a car nearby within 10 seconds

however, the unprecedented high-efficiency operation of the 120 and 999 emergency systems did not last long. After the Olympic Games, 65 new emergency stations were successively abandoned due to lack of personnel and funds, and almost none of them survived today

in recent years, with the development of the city and the sharp increase in people's demand for first aid, various contradictions restricting the development of the first aid system have become increasingly prominent. The sudden increase in the number of first aid calls, the repeated driving of 120 and 999, and the imminent blank of first aid stations near the new community have seriously affected the first aid efficiency of the city. At the beginning of 2010, Ding Xiangyang, the vice mayor in charge of health work, proposed to integrate 120 and 999 first aid resources and unified planning and layout, Unified service specifications, explore the idea of establishing a unified command and scheduling platform, but due to the lack of operating rules, the two systems have built a system that can see each other's vehicles and tasks, and there is no substantial progress in the integration of emergency resources

on December 8 last year, the 104th directors' meeting of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress discussed and adopted the project initiation report on the regulations of Beijing on emergency medical services. In February this year, the Municipal Health Bureau officially launched the legislative investigation of this regulation

it is reported that the legislative investigation and drafting of the regulations on emergency medical services in Beijing were led by the Municipal Health Bureau, with the participation of experts from the municipal legislative affairs office, the Education Working Committee of the Municipal People's Congress, Capital Medical University, China University of political science and law and other institutions. According to the plan, the relevant departments will take expert opinions as the basis, and then conduct in-depth research and summary of the situation to finally form a draft regulation, which will be submitted to the Legislative Affairs Office of the municipal government in October next year

it is reported that this is the first time that the city has standardized and guaranteed the emergency lifeline in the form of local regulations

resource integration the proposed unified emergency dispatching platform

unlike other cities, which only have one emergency number 120, the city's pre hospital medical emergency system is composed of two service networks, Beijing Emergency Center (120) and Beijing Red Cross emergency rescue center (999). The two systems complement each other, but are relatively independent in daily emergency dispatching

the average number of trips per day is more than 1500. In summary, this number is a great workload for the two systems. Caoyu, deputy director of the emergency office of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of health, said that in the past two years, the number of emergency calls in Beijing has exceeded 600000 times, and is increasing at a rate of about 15% every year. However, with the continuous increase of the population in Beijing and the acceleration of urban development, the satisfaction rate of emergency calls in the city has fallen from the peak of almost 100% during the 2008 Olympic Games to about 90% (that is, in 100 emergency calls, only 90 vehicles can be sent in time). According to international practice, This figure should remain above 95%

Cao Yu said that in addition to adding first-aid stations and introducing first-aid personnel, integrating first-aid resources from the perspective of the whole city and maximizing the use of existing first-aid resources are one of the opinions put forward by experts in this survey. To this end, the city is considering exploring the establishment of a municipal pre hospital emergency command and dispatching organization to exercise unified command over the city's emergency vehicles and emergency personnel. At that time, the organization will be located in the Municipal Health Bureau and will be under the command of the health administrative department. Cao Yu said that this plan is still in the stage of exploration and discussion

experts participating in the survey said that 120 and 999 numbers have been accepted by Beijing residents. Considering the citizens' first-aid calling habits, it is one of the more feasible methods to transfer the first-aid dialed by two numbers to the same dispatching platform, and then dispatch the emergency vehicles based on the principle of proximity according to the "1025" development plan of the new material industry

the city's integration of emergency resources began last year. At present, the two emergency systems have realized the sharing of emergency information, when one party has no car to send, it will be transferred to the other party's system, and when the same emergency call repeatedly dials 120 and 999 numbers, the system will automatically prompt to avoid repeated car dispatching, etc. However, only in major public health emergencies, 120 and 999 will be coordinated under the deployment of the municipal level, so the real unified dispatching of the two systems needs to be further promoted

site layout by the end of 2015, more than 60 first-aid stations will be added.

if the first-aid system in the city is compared to one, then each first-aid station is a node in the. The reason is that improper processing caused by openly ignoring the established processing procedures and the instructions provided by the material manufacturer is the basis of the first-aid system and is responsible for completing specific first-aid tasks. That is, after receiving the first-aid call, if there is a first-aid station near the first-aid person, the command center will first select the standby vehicle in the first-aid station to go to the scene for rescue

according to Cao Yu, at present, there are 251 first-aid stations in the city, with 132 and 119 built respectively according to the implementation of the tasks of the system. With the relocation of urban population and the development of emerging urban areas, the layout of the city's first-aid stations will also be a chess board layout and adjustment based on the existing first-aid stations. Scientific planning will be carried out according to six factors: historical call volume, key areas, densely populated areas, new residential areas, important transportation hub areas, and important security areas in the capital. The layout principle is that the stations go with people

by the end of 2015, the city will complete the full coverage of pre hospital medical emergency networks according to the new version of the distribution map of emergency stations. According to the city's pre hospital medical emergency network planning and construction standards, the city needs to add more than 60 emergency stations

in order to reduce the occurrence of negligence, it is learned that the specific planning and setting standard of first-aid stations is: in areas with ultra-high population density (more than 20000 people/square kilometer), one first-aid station is set every 2 to 3 square kilometers or 70000 permanent residents; A first aid station is set up every 5 to 10 square kilometers or every 70000 permanent residents in high population density areas (10000 to 20000 people/square kilometer); A first-aid station is set up every 30 to 50 square kilometers or every 50000 to 60000 permanent residents in areas with medium population density (05 to 1000 people/square kilometer); A first aid station is set up every 50 to 100 square kilometers or every 30000 to 40000 permanent residents in low-density areas (less than 0500 people/square kilometers)

it is understood that the allocation of emergency stations in the city will also be standardized. At that time, according to the permanent population of the city, there will be one ambulance for every 30000 to 50000 people, and each emergency station needs to be equipped with 2 to 3 ambulances. Each first aid station operates 24 hours and needs 16 staff

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